Mutual funds can be said as an investment method achieved by investing money collected from a pool of investors. It is a professionally managed investment which requires the investor to pay a small fee in return. The thing about the mutual fund is that it is professionally managed so a person who has little or no knowledge about the share market can start their investment journey through mutual funds. A mutual fund investor is a person who takes a slice of cake from a whole cake, and the person who bought the cake by collecting money from everyone is responsible for ensuring that the cake is not damaged is the mutual fund manager.
Every mutual fund that is floated in the market has its own objective for floating the investment initiative, and this reason is specified in the prospectus of the fund. The prospectus lays oCut the basis for the fund, the details about the persons managing it, the history of the fund and its past performance reports. The most popular mutual funds that are in vogue now are:
- Equity (Growth)funds: These funds invest only in stocks.
- Debt(Income) funds: This invests in fixed income securities
- Money Market: These funds invest in short-term money market instruments (including government securities)
- Balanced funds: These funds are mix of equity and debt to balance the risk and return factors
As I said before mutual funds are floated by companies, and they are generally known as Asset Management Companies or AMC’s, but they are not the AMC’s you hire for maintenance of your appliances, even though they are slightly similar in the taking care of investment part. These companies have one or more varied mutual fund investment programmes running. The AMC will appoint a professional money manager, who buys and sells securities in line with the fund’s stated objective.
If you are worried about the who is the presiding authority over this AMC’s, put your mind to rest, every AMC comes under the regulations of SEBI and are governed by a Board of Directors who represent the shareholder’s interest than the AMC’s.
So, friends, this is my understanding and premise of the introduction to mutual funds. Feel free to add some more points. Planning to write a series of topics on mutual funds, so next is the basics of mutual funds.
As usual Namaste, Au Revoir, Sayonara and Vanakkam to my readers out there where ever you are and whoever you are.